With the 11th round of informal peace talks failing to achieve any progress for South Kordofan (Nuba Mountains) and Blue Nile, the Sudanese government is beginning to ramp back up it's military campaign against civilians living in these areas. Renewed aerial bombing and shelling in frontline areas is expected to prevent internally-displaced persons from returning home and will only contribute to the deteriorating humanitarian situation in both of these conflict areas.
On December 7th, Sudanese government forces and SPLM/A-N troops clashed near Dilling in South Kordofan. The Sudanese government has also resumed daily Antonov bombing flights with a specific focus on Thobo and Um Dorein counties. Antonov bombers reportedly appeared back over the skies of the Nuba Mountains on December 17. In several locations, people have stopped farming due to the increased fear created by the Sudanese government warplanes.
Humanitarian monitors in Blue Nile have reported 4 aerial bombardments and a round of shelling using long range artillery missiles in At-Tadamon and Kurmuk counties between December 17-18. While no one was injured in the attacks, a significant amount of farmland was destroyed. On December 20th clashes resumed in Baw county in Blue Nile, where fighting concentrated during the last dry season.
Since the government of Sudan began targeting populations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile four and half years ago, the majority of the civilian population is internally-displaced and living in refugee camps. Food and medical insecurity remain serious threats across both areas, with certain pockets facing more extreme living conditions due to their proximity to frontline locations. Localized famine due to the government of Sudan's targeting of farming areas continues to be the primary driver of food insecurity.
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